course hack

Psychological First Aid

George Everly, Johns Hopkins University

5 mins

3 key insights

Visual, audio & text

This course from Johns Hopkins University explores an important topic: how to provide psychological help to traumatized bystanders using the 'RAPID' method.


Psychological First Aid

Psychological First Aid

by George Everly


When a natural disaster or other traumatic event occurs, we naturally seek to help those who were first affected. But even bystanders who aren't in physical pain can be suffering as well, in need of a different kind of first aid.

Johns Hopkins University professor Dr. George S. Everly Jr. is the developer of the psychological first aid 'RAPID' method. He collaborated with Jeffrey M. Lating to implement the guidelines. Everly and Lating worked on counseling trauma witnesses in Kuwait during the Gulf War and New York City after the September 11, 2001 attacks. Today they teach the RAPID method internationally. In this course, instructor George Everly uses the RAPID model to explain the key elements of psychological first aid or PFA. The RAPID method is applicable in a great variety of settings. Becoming familiar with it and learning how to practice it will be an invaluable tool for first responders, psychological professionals, and even ordinary bystanders.

Favorite quote

Psychological first aid, or PFA, is designed to mitigate the effects of acute stress and trauma and assist those in crisis to cope effectively with adversity.

- George Everly

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