book hack

The Four Tendencies

Gretchen Rubin

5 mins

3 key insights

Visual, audio & text

The Four Tendencies walks us through the four personality types and how they deal with expectations to help us better understand ourselves and those we encounter in our work and personal lives.


The Four Tendencies

The Four Tendencies

by Gretchen Rubin


There are many different frameworks through which people try to understand themselves better. Gretchen Rubin's 'four habit tendencies 'framework first revealed itself in her book Better Than Before Readers reported a better understanding of their own behavior and a great boost in improving their work and communication styles. Rubin, a lawyer-turned-researcher and human behavior aficionado, now brings us a deeper dive into these ideas in her full-length work, The Four Tendencies. This book explains that the way - people respond to expectations fits into four tendencies: Upholders, Questioners, Obligers, and Rebels. Rubin walks us through what it means to fit into these categories and how identifying our personal tendencies can help both our relationships and our productivity.

Favorite quote

There's no magic, one-size-fits-all answer for building a happier, healthier, more productive life.

- Gretchen Rubin

Download the uptime app to

Read or listen, with different modes

Adjust audio speed in the app

Bookmark to save titles for later

Share your favourite Hacks


View the full Hack with Uptime